Half of Scania's Swedish city buses run on ethanol
Around half of the Scania city buses sold in Sweden today are ethanol-driven. Many cities all around the country and their public transport companies have noted that ethanol technology gives large environmental benefits in urban areas. It is also technically mature and suits demanding city operation very well. Scania is the world's largest supplier of ethanol-powered city buses.
"The interest in ethanol vehicles is growing constantly. The large environmental benefits have meant that half the city buses supplied by Scania in Sweden are now ethanol-driven," says Leif Nyström, responsible for Scania's bus sales in northern and eastern Europe.
"We will now use the good experience from Sweden in other markets. After six months of successful trials, Scania is preparing to launch ethanol buses in Brazil, the world's largest market for ethanol fuel. After a couple of decades of ethanol-powered car operation, the infrastructure for this fuel is well established."
The use of ethanol as a motor fuel does not necessitate extensive modifications of the vehicles. The combustion technology is the same as with diesel fuel. Ethanol can also be handled in the same manner as diesel in distribution, when filling up, as well as during service and maintenance.
The ethanol buses in Sweden are mainly used for inner city traffic, where the environmental gains are most noticeable. Measurements carried out by Stockholm City Transport show that emissions of nitrogen oxides are cut by 50 percent and of particulates by 73 percent compared with conventional diesel buses (Euro 2). Contrary to diesel fuel, ethanol is a renewable fuel, which strongly reduces the contribution to the greenhouse effect.
In large and medium-sized Swedish cities are buying an increasing number of ethanol buses for their city operations. Stockholm City Transport (SL) was the pioneer in this field. SL now operates only ethanol or hybrid buses in the inner city. SL has more than 200 Scania ethanol buses in their fleet. One recent addition is the new network of main city lines, which are operated exclusively with articulated Scania OmniCity low-floor buses with ethanol engines. Other cities located all over Sweden include Umeå with 24 ethanol buses, Borås 17, Skövde 16, Örnsköldsvik 12, Norrköping 11 and Gävle 10.
The latest addition is Luleå, a city with 45,000 inhabitants in the far north of Sweden, which has just started to operate four Scania OmniCity ethanol buses. Luleå has the ambition of soon running all its city buses on biofuel. Another four ethanol buses have been ordered from Scania.
In total Scania has sold around 400 ethanol-powered buses to Swedish public transport companies since 1990, of which 50 in 1998 alone. Scania has orders from several Swedish cities for delivery during 1999.
For further information, please contact: Gunnar Boman, Scania Buses & Coaches, tel. +46 150 58599, mobile +46 70 5508606.