Scania aims to play a definitive role in the growth of renewable fuels. With the broadest range of alternative fuel-ready vehicles, Scania is market leader in biofuel-adapted engines – a segment where Scania sees substantial growth potential.
Together with efficiency, sustainably-produced renewable fuels are essential to the toolbox for low-carbon transport. Scania’s strategy is to offer engines that run on all commercially available alternatives, including biogas, biodiesel, ethanol and liquid natural gas (LNG). Five engines in the range adapted for biodiesel have a power span of 320-580 hp. This includes the Scania 16-litre 580 hp V8 engine, a second-generation Euro 6 engine with lower fuel consumption, which can operate on up to 100 percent biodiesel. Scania is also developing transport technologies to further optimise their use.
In Sweden, ethanol (ED95) offers a potential CO2 savings of 68 percent compared to diesel fuel, according to a 2014 study conducted by Stockholm City’s Clean Truck project. Furthermore, the Swedish Energy Agency estimates that biodiesel from rapeseed offers CO2 savings of approximately 45 percent.
Drivers along the value chain
Fossil fuels still dominate the global vehicle park’s energy supply. The International Energy Agency predicts that while biofuels currently account for around 2 percent of total transport fuel, new technologies are broadening their applications. Shifting the market from fossil fuels is no easy task, and it is impacted largely by availability, cost and ensuring that supply is sustainable. Concerted efforts through market incentives, creating a push within the transport value chain and increased transparency are all necessary for triggering that shift.
Globally, 2014 saw growing interest in biofuels in countries such as India – where ethanol is gaining ground and Scania sold its first adapted buses – as well as South Africa. Scania is also engaged in some pilots that help secure supply for customers.
Scania’s strategy requires an inclusive approach to gain insights and the need to further engage with stakeholders, respond to viewpoints, and learn from others from across the biofuel value chain. This includes responding to concerns that growing markets for biofuels could negatively affect food production, and their impact on climate change. The market also needs to address improved harmonisation of standards for biofuel and fossil fuel.