Scania’s unique modular system is one of our most important success factors. Developed over several decades, it is integral to our flexible approach and lies at the heart of our business model. Combined with our ability to tailor services, this ingenious toolbox enables Scania to package solutions optimised for a vast number of different transport needs.
The modular system enables Scania to provide individual specifications with a limited number of parts and components, and thus offer our customers an extremely wide product range. This is achieved through the design of the interfaces between different components. Each interface is precisely defined to allow the greatest possible flexibility when components are combined into the correct performance steps in the vehicle.
With relatively few components and parts, the modular system enables Scania to achieve economies of scale and maximise resource efficiency in research and development and production. In service operations, the modular systems ensures high availability of spare parts and continuity for the service technicians. Customers benefit through a tailor-made vehicle with high uptime, reduced fuel consumption and optimised load capacity.
It is this strategic approach that gives Scania the flexibility to tailor solutions to different transport needs and to accommodate various regional market demands. The toolbox allows each vehicle to be tailored to its specific purpose; new, high quality technologies are brought to market quickly and efficiently.
Scania’s modular product system is applied to our entire product portfolio – trucks, buses, coaches, and engines. A great deal of the chassis components in a bus are shared with those in a truck. Scania’s industrial and marine engines are developed from the base engines for vehicles, making full use of the modular concept.
Scania’s modular system is based on three principles:
Standard interfaces are the foundation of modularisation. They are designed in such a way that they do not change over time. In line with Scania’s continuous introductions approach, this makes it possible to install new components that improve product performance without the need to change the surrounding components and structure. As an example Scania could introduce the Euro 6 engines without having to change the cab.
Same need, identical solution
Several components are often the same despite different applications. The shortest truck cab variant may be needed in order to maximise cargo capacity both in light distribution service and in a heavy tipper truck operating in a mine. The same needs should always result in identical solutions.
Well-balanced performance steps
The selected performance steps are well balanced to match the specific customer needs; this results in differences in cab sizes, engine output, frame strengths and number of axles. Scania Research and Development continuously evaluates how to further refine the modular system in order for Scania to have the smallest possible number of parts and the largest possible selection of variants in its product portfolio to give each customer an optimised product.