Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all
Today the transport sector is largely powered by fossil fuels. A combination of engine and driveline development as well as transport system efficiency measures and renewable fuels can provide modern energy for all.
In the summer of 2017, the English city of Nottingham took a delivery of 53 double-decker gas-powered Scania buses, the largest such fleet in the world. The city aims to have 120 of these buses in service by 2020, as the local authority takes bold steps to tackle the twin challenges of congestion and pollution that affect the 1.5 million inhabitants in the wider urban area. Nottingham City Transport, the local-authority-owned bus company, has been pioneering the use of alternative fuels in urban bus operations, the latest incarnation of which is dedicated gas power.
Scania Transport Laboratory, a Scania subsidiary that handles 10 percent of the company’s inbound transport, was established with the aim of gaining knowledge for Scania. Through measures including driver training, and a focus on fill rates and efficient vehicles, the laboratory was able to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 50 percent between 2008 and 2014, calculated per tonne of goods transported. The increased efficiency is a result of improved driver behaviour, smarter maintenance, and the use of alternative fuels as well as relatively simple aerodynamic adjustments. Further reductions are expected with approval of the use of longer trailers.
Furthermore, vehicle electrification is rapidly advancing and offers a favourable path towards more sustainable transport solutions. For heavy trucks and buses, the continued development of both charging infrastructure and battery cell technology is crucial for a widespread market breakthrough in commercially viable electrification. Scania and Northvolt will partner up to develop and commercialise battery cell technology for heavy commercial vehicles. Production of battery cells is energy intensive and Sweden offers a solid supply of cost-effective green energy. The country is therefore well suited for large-scale sustainable battery production.