Over 100 years of innovation

Over 100 years of innovation

Constant innovation and customer focus have characterised Scania’s bus operations since 1911 – and still do. Read about historical milestones and bus designs that have garnered major attention worldwide.

1911

The newly merged Scania-Vabis delivers the first Swedish-built engine-powered omnibus, the “Nordmark bus.” Its chain-driven chassis is built by Scania in Malmö, in southern Sweden, and is equipped with an engine and body from Vabis in Södertälje.

1922

The Swedish Post Office places its first order for 15 mail buses. This greatly contributes to the survival of Scania-Vabis.

1932

Sales of buses surpass sales of trucks. There is a growing need for ever-larger buses. Scania-Vabis launches the “Bulldog” bus, a pioneer because of its simple, space-saving design.

1948

Scania-Vabis exports buses to Brazil for the first time, followed by trucks in 1949, under an import agreement with the Brazilian automotive company Vemag.

1953

The Scania-Vabis Metropol suburban bus, developed in collaboration with US-based Mack Manufacturing Corporation, is launched in the Swedish market. The inline 8-cylinder engine is mounted transversely at the rear of the bus. The Metropol is the first bus fully built in Sweden with a monocoque body.

1957

Firmly established in Brazil, Scania-Vabis starts manufacturing engines. In 1959, the B75 is the first bus model built for the Brazilian market. This front engined bus is used both as a tourist coach and a city bus. It features a robust engine in a strong chassis and is prepared for easy bodybuilding.

1971

In 1966, Scania-Vabis launched a more comfortable, passenger-friendly city bus, the CR76. Low weight and a low floor were priorities, and the engine was tuned to emit the lowest possible amount of smoke. The CR76 serves as the basis for the CR111 “silent” bus, with a noise level of only 77 dBA when launched in 1971.

1986

Environmental issues become increasingly important. Working with the regional public transport company in Stockholm, Scania begins testing ethanol-fuelled buses in normal city operation. The 11-litre engine is adapted to operate on ethanol according to the Diesel combustion cycle.

1996

Scania launches the new aluminium-bodied city bus, the Scania OmniCity. The low-floor bus with full lateral kneeling is especially suited for urban traffic. The platform is also used for the Scania OmniLink low-entry models and the Scania OmniCity double-decker.

2004

With its front-mounted, new 5-cylinder engine and robust chassis, the Scania F-series is ideal for tough conditions, where it provides both comfort and high passenger capacity.

2007

Having developed its first hybrid bus concept in 1995, Scania launches an innovative hybrid bus concept designed for maximum passenger convenience, with wheels at each corner and all-wheel steering.

Scania incorporates the Finnish-built Scania OmniExpress in its product range. An exceptionally flexible design, the 2- or 3-axle vehicle is available in lengths between 11 and 15 metres and in three heights, up to high-deck tourist coach, as well as in a recently introduced low-entry version.

2009

Six three-axle Scania OmniLink ethanol-powered hybrid buses begin full-scale operational trials in collaboration with the regional public transport company in Stockholm.

2010

The first Scania Touring coach is delivered. Produced in cooperation with Chinese bus builder Higer, it aims to satisfy demand in both new and existing markets.

2011

Scania Citywide, a new generation of city and suburban buses is introduced. It aims to contribute to sustainable public transport, helping to make bus travel the popular choice.

2013

India is the first market worldwide to enjoy the benefits of the Scania Metrolink, a new range of intercity coaches with a distinct Scania character. Scania Metrolink is a purpose-designed coach for luxury intercity or charter travel.

2014

Scania Van Hool Excui.city is introduced. The new tram-like bus has been created by Scania in cooperation with Belgian bus builder Van Hool. Operated on either biogas or CNG the new bus offers a unique combination of capacity and low environmental impact.

Launch of the hybrid powered Scania Citywide Low Entry bus with the new Euro 6 hybrid powertrain that runs on up to 100 percent biodiesel. The parallel hybrid system provides impressive fuel savings. And unlike other hybrids, the system is optimised for city and suburban operation and allows speeds up to 100 km/h.

As the first company in Sweden, Scania is to test a wirelessly charged electric-hybrid city bus. The bus will start operating on the streets of Södertälje, Sweden, in June 2016 as part of a research project into sustainable vehicle technology.