Multiple powertrain technologies and infrastructures will coexist, with a mix of battery electric, fuel cell, and biofuel-powered internal combustion engine vehicles.
Compared to business as usual. Extrapolation of present-day situation with no decisive CO2 reduction action taken.
1 Net cash cost, including savings from system and vehicle levers ( EUR bn).
2 Cumulative reduction in percent (metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent) Average across China, Germany, USA and Sweden from 2017 to 2050.