Because fuel cell vehicles will be more expensive, substantial growth is expected to be later than for battery electric vehicles. By 2050, they could constitute 60 percent of the total heavy vehicle fleet with the remainder battery electric vehicles.
The supply of hydrogen is plentiful and available at low cost. Fuel cell vehicles are also better suited for long haulage transport due to smaller battery size and longer operational range than battery electric vehicles.
Compared to business as usual. Extrapolation of present-day situation with no decisive CO2 reduction action taken.
1 Net cash cost, including savings from system and vehicle levers ( EUR bn).
2 Cumulative reduction in percent (metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent) Average across China, Germany, USA and Sweden from 2017 to 2050.