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In the future, every transport can be electric. And for a more sustainable world, many of them will have to be. So, although electrification of shorter transports will happen first, as power infrastructure improves and batteries become more efficient, lighter and cheaper – the electrified range and capability will keep extending. 

Scania´s range of electric trucks, buses and engines is growing year by year and our customers will in the near future have electrical solutions for all transport needs, including long-haulage.

Battery cell technology

As vehicle electrification is rapidly advancing, continued development of charging infrastructure and battery cells is needed. The speed of change in the area of battery development is high with great strides taken in the past few years to better adapt battery cells to heavy vehicles.

 

Scania has partnered with Northvolt in the Swedish company´s production for battery cells. Scania also plans to invest well over 1 billion SEK in a battery assembly plant in Södertälje, Sweden. The initial step is a 18,000-square metre facility and the construction will start early 2021 with the aim to be fully operational by 2023. The plant which will be built adjacent to the chassis assembly plant in Södertälje, Sweden, will assemble battery modules and packs from cells which will be delivered from Northvolt’s battery factory in Skellefteå, Sweden. The assembled packs form battery systems tailored for Scania’s modular production.

 

Simultaneously Scania also builds a new battery laboratory at its research and development facilities in Södertälje. The laboratory will contain three 250-square metre test halls for battery cells, modules and packs. Adjacent to these halls, the laboratory will also have facilities for test sample preparation in order to improve work environment, safety and testing uptime.

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Plug-in hybrid trucks

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Electrified power systems

With a potential CO2 emission reduction of up to 92 percent, Scania’s hybrid electric system combines an e-machine with a combustion engine – either together or as stand-alone power sources. The hybrid electric system can be gainfully deployed in, for example, excavators, dump trucks, stone crushers, mobile cranes, concrete pump, as well as in airport crash tenders. For the marine segment, the system can be beneficial in, for instance, commuter vessels, road ferries, pilot vessels, and fish farm support vessels.

Hydrogen fuel-cell technology

A major strength of hydrogen-based solutions is the fact that it is a zero-emission technology; only water is actually emitted by the truck itself. The hydrogen is produced in a renewable way.

 

The trucks, which are fully electric, are fitted with an electric powertrain, and energy is converted to electricity from hydrogen gas in fuel cells on board the vehicles. The fuel cell-powered truck also has a battery for moments when extra power is needed, and when the vehicle needs to recuperate electric power from brake energy.

Electrified roads

In May 2019, an electric road for long-haulage transport was inaugurated in Germany, with Scania supplying the hybrid electric trucks. Scania is also involved in other eHighway projects in Italy and Sweden.

 

In Germany, a five-kilometre stretch in each direction of the autobahn outside Frankfurt is the first of three test sites being run by the state-financed project “Trucks for German eHighways”. In these trials, Scania supplies hybrid-electric long-haulage trucks for roads with power supplied from overhead electric lines.

 

In Italy, a similar project is getting underway on a six-kilometre stretch of the A35 Brebemi highway in northern Italy, with the involvement of the regional road authority.

 

In Sweden, where the world’s first electric road project has been running since 2016, electrically-powered Scania trucks are operating on the E16 highway near the Swedish city of Gävle, with the backing of the regional authority.

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