With demand for goods transport on the rise, the transport industry will be challenged to manage that growth while reducing emissions.
Optimisation starts with efficient vehicles. With truck sales representing 61 percent of Scania’s business, and sales of almost 70,000 vehicles in 2015, supplying efficient and safe trucks is the foundation of Scania’s future.
Scania’s approach to grow its market share and create greater efficiencies is increasingly illustrated through Ecolution by Scania, emphasising vehicles optimised to the customers’ needs, driving skills, and use of alternative fuel wherever possible. Active Prediction – Scania’s cruise control system that uses GPS and topographical map data to regulate cruising speeds – boosts fuel efficiency up to 5-10 percent compared with vehicles without this function.
Logistics is often highly complex and involves many actors, which increases inefficiencies in the flow. For example, a standard European long-haul truck can fill 26 tonnes of goods, but in Europe today, trucks travel at around half that fill rate, or 14 tonnes.
Higher payloads, longer trailers, and platooning can yield greater optimisation, which Scania’s R&D aims to tackle. Scania is currently devoting resources to further explore smarter logistics planning.
Long trailers maximise efficiency
Scania is advocating longer vehicle combinations in order to carry more goods and thus improve efficiency. In 2014, Scania began testing tractors with two full-length trailers resulting in 31.5 m truck and trailer combinations in Sweden. The trials, with permission from the Swedish Transport Agency, have continued in 2015. Scania is also engaged in dialogue with the EU to open opportunities for double trailers from today’s 18.75 or 25.25 m standard.
Challenges in emerging markets
In the coming decades, most global oil demand will come from the transport sector in non-OECD countries. Scania needs to find ways to transfer its logistics expertise to Asia, Africa and Latin America, building demand for efficient and sustainable vehicles.
In emerging markets, the transport sector’s efficiency rates are lagging and levels of emissions are high. One of the results is the severe air pollution in some major cities. Scania’s Euro 6 offering promises to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulates by about 80 percent compared with the EU’s pre-2014 regulatory standards. Uniquely, it does so without compromising on fuel efficiency. Although not yet legislated, Scania’s Euro 6 engines have also been launched in some key markets in Asia.
Co-modality brings big benefits
Among the fastest-growing segments in the transport sector, co-modality – a combination of road, rail and ship – leverages the benefits of each mode, while better overcoming disadvantages. Scania’s experience with its internal transport supports this approach.