Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil – HVO – is a modern way to produce high-quality bio-based diesel fuels without compromising fuel logistics, engines, exhaust aftertreatment devices, or exhaust emissions.
HVO can be made from different sources – such as waste oil, rape seed oil, palm oil and animal fat. Using these sources of energy has a great impact on the total greenhouse gas savings. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2-reduction can reach up to 90% reduction in CO2-emissions.
Biodiesel (or FAME as in Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) can be made from various sources like rapeseed, plants, and waste cooking oil. Biodiesel also has the advantage of being a liquid, available in large quantities.
The supply of sustainable biodiesel is primarily being used for blending in diesel, or in a pure 100 % form. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2 -reduction is estimated up to 66% reduction in CO2-emissions.
Biogas can be produced from a number of sources, but the most cost efficient and sustainable method is to use local sewage or waste. Biogas consists of the same molecule as natural gas, but biogas is renewable and natural gas is fossil. The two can be used in parallel.
Liquefied Natural Gas/Liquefied Biogas is methane gas cooled down to a liquid state. The volumetric energy content in LNG compared to diesel is 1:1.7. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2 -reduction is estimated to reach up to 90% reduction in CO2-emissions.
Natural gas is methane gas found in pockets in Earth´s crust. It is extracted from separate gas deposits, or in connection with oil extraction. Natural gas is a fossil fuel, but since the methane molecule contains only one carbon atom the emitted amount of CO2 during combustion is smaller, compared to a standard diesel engine.
Natural gas and biogas can be used in parallel. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2-reduction is estimated to reach to 20% reduction in CO2-emissions.
Bioethanol is the most widely used biofuel in transport today. It is also the fuel that is most likely to be able to supply both large and sustainable volumes in the future. A major advantage is that it is a liquid and available in large volumes globally.
It can be produced from a variety of raw materials like sugar cane, wheat and corn. Also starch or sugar rich waste like cellulose or bread can be used. In addition, bioethanol is comparatively easy to produce, even on a small scale. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2-reduction is estimated to reach 90% reduction in CO2-emissions.
The hybrid runs on electrical power, in combination with a biofuel. This greatly reduces the fuel consumption, that in turn leads to lower emissions. It also reduces noise, giving the hybrid vehicle special benefits like permission to deliver in cities during early mornings, late evenings, or nights.
Off-peak deliveries offer several benefits such as reduction of driving time, fuel consumption and CO2-emissions. It also increases the use of the vehicle. Compared to standard diesel, an optimal CO2-reduction can reach up to 92% reduction in CO2-emissions.